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National Report Reveals Information about Alcohol Dependency in Adults and More Updates from NIMH

15 June 2011

The latest news from the National Institute of Mental Health:


NEW NATIONAL REPORT REVEALS THAT ADULTS WITH MENTAL ILLNESS ARE FOUR TIMES MORE LIKELY TO DEVELOP ALCOHOL DEPENDENCY THAN ADULTS WITHOUT MENTAL ILLNESS
A new report shows that alcohol dependence is four times more likely to occur among adults with mental illness than among adults with no mental illness. Based on a nationwide survey conducted by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), the report also shows that the rate of alcohol dependency increases as the severity of the mental illness increases. For example, while 7.9 percent of those with mild mental illness were alcohol dependent, 10 percent of those with moderate mental illness, and 13.2 percent of those with serious mental illness were alcohol dependent.
Press Release: http://www.samhsa.gov/newsroom/advisories/1106021725.aspx
Full Report: http://oas.samhsa.gov/spotlight/Spotlight027AlcoholDependence.pdf
 
STRESS-DEFEATING EFFECTS OF EXERCISE TRACED TO EMOTIONAL BRAIN CIRCUIT
Evidence in both humans and animals points to emotional benefits from exercise, both physical and mental. Now, in recent experiments with mice, National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) scientists have traced the stress-buffering effect of activity to a brain circuit known to be involved in emotional regulation as well as mood disorders and medication effects. The finding is a clue to understanding the neurological roots of resilience, key to developing new means of prevention and treatment for stress-related illness.
Science Update: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/science-news/2011/stress-defeating-effects-of-exercise-traced-to-emotional-brain-circuit.shtml

AUTISM BLURS DISTINCTIONS BETWEEN BRAIN REGIONS - ERODES MOLECULAR IDENTITIES IN CORTEX
Autism blurs the molecular differences that normally distinguish different brain regions, a new study suggests. Among more than 500 genes that are normally expressed at significantly different levels in the front versus the lower middle part of the brain's outer mantle, or cortex, only eight showed such differences in brains of people with autism, say researchers funded in part by the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
Press Release: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/science-news/2011/autism-blurs-distinctions-between-brain-regions.shtml

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